Types of Diabetes
Treatment for Type 1 & Type 2 Diabetes in Salinas
There are a few different types of diabetes, and all of them hamper the
body’s abilities to produce insulin. Knowing the difference between
them can help you prevent the disease if you have certain risk factors.
The knowledgeable endocrinologists at Salinas Valley Medical Clinic can
help you fight the disease, or manage it once you have been diagnosed.
This is not an official class of diabetes— it is a term applied to
patients with an increased risk of the disease who can still prevent it.
If you have exceedingly high levels of blood sugar, a doctor may warn
that you are prediabetic. To prevent advancing into Type 2 diabetes, start
exercising for 30 minutes a day and restricting your diet to smaller serving
sizes with less sugar and carbs.
Check back with your doctor frequently for an update on your status. The
silver lining of this diagnosis is that once you’ve been cleared
of risk, you should have already developed habits for a healthier lifestyle.
Type 1 Diabetes
In this less common form of diabetes, your body completely stop producing
insulin. While individuals with Type 2 diabetes can avoid insulin shots
with exercise and healthy habits, Type 1 diabetes patients have no choice
but to take insulin injections every day.
This diabetes is especially common in children and adolescents, and to
date no one knows what causes it. For reasons unknown, the body’s
own immune system turns on the pancreas and starts attacking it, preventing
it from doing its job. Thankfully, it is still very possible to manage
this form of diabetes with medication, exercise and diet.
Type 2 Diabetes
Most diabetes patients are diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. In this iteration
of the disease, the body’s cells stop cooperating with insulin,
making it difficult to control blood sugar. There are few possible causes
of Type 2 diabetes:
- Lack of exercise
- Excessive consumption of sugar
- Lack of fiber
Usually, it is a combination of the above issues that results in diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is very manageable, and with a healthy lifestyle, patients
may not even require insulin injections on a daily basis. Speak with your
doctor about what you can do to keep your diabetes under control.
This is a temporary form of diabetes that sometimes affects pregnant women.
The pancreas can have a difficult time adjusting to the changes in your
body during pregnancy and fails to produce sufficient insulin, causing
blood sugar levels to spike. This can hurt both you and your baby, so
immediate care is recommended. Thankfully, while pregnant you should already
be making frequent trips to the doctor, who can test your blood sugar
levels and warn you of a problem before it becomes serious.
Since your ability to exercise is hampered by pregnancy, you will need
to work with your doctor on a diet and treatment plan. You can reduce
your risk of developing gestational diabetes by losing weight and performing
rigorous exercise before pregnancy. Be aware that if you had gestational
diabetes, you are at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
Other Types of Diabetes
There are 2 other rare forms of diabetes called monogenic diabetes and
cystic fibrosis-related diabetes.
Monogenic diabetes – This accounts for about 5% of all diabetes cases. Monogenic diabetes
is the result of a rare mutation in a single gene. Symptoms can be very
similar to other types of diabetes, and a genetic test can determine if
it is monogenic diabetes. Determining this is important, as there are
special medications that are especially effective at treating monogenic diabetes.
Cystic Fibrosis-related Diabetes (CFRD) – People with cystic fibrosis can sometimes develop diabetes as a side effect
of the condition. Cystic fibrosis causes thick mucus to develop in the
body, this substance can damage the pancreas. The symptoms of CFRD are
similar to Type 2 diabetes, and treatment will require insulin injections.
Because of the unique nature of this form of diabetes, treatment usually
requires assistance from a cystic fibrosis specialist.
Visit the Salinas Valley Medical Clinic endocrinology center for education
and treatment on diabetes.